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Magazine References

Jan – Feb 2024

Pg 14-16 Ageing’s effect on the cardiovascular and respiratory systems

  1. North, B J and Sinclair J D. The intersection between aging and cardiovascular disease. Circ Res, 110, 2012, pp. 1097-1108
  2. Christensen, K et al. Ageing populations: the challenges ahead Lancet, 374, 2009, pp. 1196-1208
  3. Boltpn E et al The ageing cardiovascular system. Reviews in Clinical Gerontology, 2011. Cambridge.
  4. Tramont C et al The influence of the ageing process on the resistive and reactive properties of the respiratory system. Clinics 2009, Elsevier
  5. Watsford M et al The effects of ageing on respiratory muscle function and performance in older adults. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport Volume 10, Issue 1, February 2007, Pages 36-44

Pg8-11 Nutrition for healthy bones

  1. Osteoporosis foundation:Epidemiology of osteoporosis and fragility fractures | International Osteoporosis Foundation
  2. Clarke B. 2008. Normal bone anatomy and physiology. Clinic J Am Soc Nephrol. S131-S139
  3. Curtis, E., et al., Epidemiology of fractures in the United Kingdom 1988-2012: Variation with age, sex, geography, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. Bone, 2016. 87: p. 19-26.
  4. Munoz-Garach A. 2020.Nutrient and dietary patterns related to osteoporosis.Rev Food Sci Nutr. Nutrients.3;12 (7),1986
  5. Konstantia D et al. 2020. Relative energy deficiency in sports (RED-S): elucidation of endocrine changes affecting the health of male and females. Hormones. 81); 35-47
  6. Cashman K. 2002. Calcium intake, calcium bioavailability and bone health. Br J Nutr. Suppl 2:S169-77
  7. Palak C et al. 2014. Weight loss and bone mineral density in obese adults: a longitudinal analysis of the influence of very low energy diets. Am J Clin Nutr.9984):934-40
  8. Kanis, J., et al., A meta-analysis of previous fracture and subsequent fracture risk. Bone, 2004. 35(2): p. 375-82
  9. Palacios C. 2012. The role of nutrients in bone health, from A to Z. Open Orthop. 6: 143-149
  10. Price C et al.2018. Essential Nutrients for Bone Health and a Review of their Availability in the Average North American Diet. Clin Diabetes Endocrinol. 4: 14
  11. Beasley J et al. 2009. Biomarker-calibrated protein intake and bone health in the Women’s Health Initiative clinical trials and observational study. 16: 32-48
  12. British Dietetic Association, Vitamin D:

Pg 17-19 The science behind battle rope training: A comprehensive guide

  1. Osawa, Y., Azuma, K., Tabata, S., Katsukawa, F., Ishida, H., Oguma, Y., & Kawai, T. (2014). Effects of 16-week high-intensity interval training using upper and lower body ergometers on aerobic fitness and morphological changes in healthy men: a preliminary study. Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine, 5, 257–265.
  2. Ratamess, N. A., Rosenberg, J. G., Kang, J., Sundberg, S., Izer, K. A., Levowsky, J., … Faigenbaum, A. D. (2015). Acute cardiometabolic responses to high-intensity kettlebell exercise. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 29(12), 3317–3325.
  3. Rahimi, R., Qaderi, M., Faraji, H., & Boroujerdi, S. S. (2010). Effects of very short rest periods on hormonal responses to resistance exercise in men. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 24(7), 1851–1859.
  4. Gibala, M. J., Little, J. P., Macdonald, M. J., & Hawley, J. A. (2012). Physiological adaptations to low-volume, high-intensity interval training in health and disease. Journal of Physiology, 590(5), 1077–1084.
Further reading
  1. Otto, W. H., Coburn, J. W., Brown, L. E., & Spiering, B. A. (2012). Effects of weightlifting vs. kettlebell training on vertical jump, strength, and body composition. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 26(5), 1199–1202.

Pg 24-27 A relationship of trust: Developing a trauma-informed approach to exercise

  1. Kessler R C et al. Trauma and PTSD in the WHO World Mental Health Surveys. European journal of psychotraumatology. 2017 Oct; 27:8
  2. Office for National Statistics. Child abuse extent and nature, England and Wales: year ending March 2019. [Internet] 2020 [cited 6.11.23] Available from:
  3. Refuge. What is domestic abuse? The Facts. [Internet] 2023 [cited 6.11.23] Available from:,partner%20in%20England%20and%20Wales.
  4. National Library of Medicine. Substance Abuse Treatment: Addressing the Specific Needs of Women [Internet]. Rockville (MD): Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (US); 2009. Appendix E: DSM-IV-TR Criteria for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. [cited 9.11.23] Available from:
  5. Dr Daniel Siegel. The Hand Model of the Brain, [Internet] 2023 [cited 9.11.23] Available from:
  6. Khoudari, L. Lifting Heavy Things. United States: Tantor Media, Inc.; 2022.
  7. Van Der Kolk, B. The Body Keeps the Score. New York: Viking; 2014.
  8. Whitworth et al. Direct and indirect effects of exercise on posttraumatic stress disorder: A longitudinal study.  Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2017 Nov; 49:56-62.
  9. Whitworth et al. Feasibility of Resistance Exercise for Posttraumatic Stress and Anxiety Symptoms: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study. J Trauma Stress. 2019 Dec; 32(6):977-984.
  10. Herman, J.  Trauma and recovery. New York: Basic Book;  1992.

Pg 28-31 The postpartum Tree of Fitness // A framework for a postnatal return to exercise

  1. Ross E., Moffat B. & Smith B. The Female Body Bible 2023 p.101 
  2. Bowman K. Diastasis recti: the whole-body solution to abdominal weakness and separation 2016 p.20
  3. Groom, T., Donnelly G., Brockwell, E. Returning to running – guidelines for medical, health and fitness professionals managing this population p.8 2019
  5. DiFiore J., Postnatal Fitness 2003 and Bowman K. Diastasis recti: the whole-body solution to abdominal weakness and separation 2016 are both excellent resources when it comes to building those “strong roots” 
  6. Groom, T., Donnelly G., Brockwell, E. Returning to running – guidelines for medical, health and fitness professionals managing this population p.12 2019