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Magazine References

Nov – Dec 2019

Pg  08-11

  4. Training-Results-of-a-National-Survey.pdf
  16. Luke Hughes & Stephen Patterson (2019). Low intensity blood flow restriction exercise: Rationale for a hypoalgesia effect. Medical Hypotheses. Volume 132, November 2019,
  17. Danny Christiansen et al. (2019). Cycling with blood flow restriction improves performance and muscle K+ regulation and alters the effect of anti‐oxidant infusion in humans. Journal of Physiology. Volume 597, Issue 9.
  18. Stephen D. Patterson et al. (2019). Blood Flow Restriction Exercise Position Stand: Considerations of Methodology, Application, and Safety. Front Physiol. 2019; 10: 533.

Pg 12-15

  1. Baltgalvis, K.A., Greising, S.M., Warren, G.L., Lowe, D.A. (2010) Oestrogen regulates oestrogen receptors and antioxidant gene expression in mouse skeletal muscle, PloS one, 13;5(4):e10164.
  2. Bell, D.R., Myrick, M.P., Blackburn, J.T., Shultz, S.J., Guskiewicz, K.M., Padua, D.A. (2009) The effect of menstrual-cycle phase on hamstring extensibility and muscle stiffness, Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 18(4):5.
  3. Bell, D.R., Blackburn, J.T., Ondrak, K.S., Hackney, A.C., Hudson, J.D., Norcross, M.F. and Padua, D.A. (2011) The effects of oral contraceptive use on muscle stiffness across the menstrual cycle, Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 21(6), 467-473.
  4. Burgess, K.E., Pearson, S.J., Onambélé, G.L. (2010) Patellar tendon properties with fluctuating menstrual cycle hormones, The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 24(8):2088-2095.
  5. Chidi-Ogbolu, N., Baar, K. (2018) Effect of oestrogen on musculoskeletal performance and injury risk, Frontiers in Physiology, 9.
  6. Cormie, P., McGuigan, M.R., Newton, R.U. (2011) Developing maximal neuromuscular power, Sports Medicine, 41(1):17-38.
  7. Davidsen, L., Vistisen, B., Astrup, A. (2007) Impact of the menstrual cycle on determinants of energy balance: a putative role in weight loss attempts, International Journal of Obesity, 31(12):1777.
  8. Eiling, E., Bryant, A.L., Petersen, W., Murphy, A., Hohmann, E. (2007) Effects of menstrual- cycle hormone fluctuations on musculotendinous stiffness and knee joint laxity, Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, 15(2):126-132.
  9. Ekenros, L. The influence of sex hormones on neuromuscular function and premenstrual symptoms.
  10. Enns, D.L., Tiidus, P.M. (2010) The influence of oestrogen on skeletal muscle, Sports Medicine, 40(1):41-58.
  11. Frizziero, A., Vittadini, F., Gasparre, G., and Masiero, S. (2014) Impact of ooestrogen deficiency and aging on tendon: concise review, Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal, 4(3): 324.
  12. Frontera, W.R, Ochala J. (2015) Skeletal muscle: a brief review of structure and function, Calcified Tissue International, 96(3):183-195.
  13. Gordon, D., Hughes, F., Young, K., Scruton, A., Keiller, D., Caddy, O., Baker, J., Barnes, R. (2013) The effects of menstrual cycle phase on the development of peak torque under isokinetic conditions, Isokinetics and Exercise Science, 21(4):285-291.
  14. Granata, K.P., Wilson, S.E., Padua, D.A. (2002) Gender differences in active musculoskeletal stiffness. Part I.: Quantification in controlled measurements of knee joint dynamics, Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 12(2):119-126.
  15. Granata, K.P., Padua, D.A., Wilson, S.E. (2002) Gender differences in active musculoskeletal stiffness. Part II. Quantification of leg stiffness during functional hopping tasks, Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 12(2):127-135.
  16. Greising, S.M., Baltgalvis, K.A., Lowe, D.A., Warren, G.L. (2009) Hormone therapy and skeletal muscle strength: a meta-analysis, Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biomedical Sciences and Medical Sciences, 64(10):1071-1081.
  17. Haff, G.G., Nimphius, S. (2012) Training principles for power, Strength and Conditioning Journal, 34(6):2-12.
  18. Haff, G.G., Triplett, N.T., editors. (2015) Essentials of Strength Training and Conditioning 4th Edition, Human Kinetics.
  19. Hooper, A.E., Bryan, A.D., Eaton, M. (2011) Menstrual cycle effects on perceived exertion and pain during exercise among sedentary women, Journal of Women’s Health, 20(3):439- 446
  20. Hubal, M.J., Gordish-Dressman, H.E., Thompson, P.D., Price, T.B., Hoffman, E.P., Angelopoulos, T.J., Gordon, P.M., Moyna, N.M., Pescatello, L.S., Visich, P.S., Zoeller, R.F. (2005) Variability in muscle size and strength gain after unilateral resistance training, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 37(6):964-972.
  21. Hunter, S.K. (2016) The relevance of sex differences in performance fatigability. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 48(11):2247.
  22. Jones, E.J., Bishop, P.A., Woods, A.K., Green, J.M. (2008) Cross-sectional area and muscular strength, Sports Medicine, 38(12):987-994.
  23. Karacan, S., Çolakoğlu, F.F., Ersöz, G. Menstrual status differences of elite Turkish female athletes from various team sports.
  24. Krivickas, L.S., Dorer, D.J., Ochala, J., Frontera, W.R. (2011) Relationship between force and size in human single muscle fibres, Experimental Physiology, 96(5):539-547.
  25. Lowe, D.A., Baltgalvis, K.A., Greising, S.M. (2010) Mechanisms behind oestrogens’ beneficial effect on muscle strength in females, Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, 38(2):61.
  26. Maffiuletti, N.A., Aagaard, P., Blazevich, A.J., Folland, J., Tillin, N., Duchateau, J. (2016) Rate of force development: physiological and methodological considerations, European Journal of Applied Physiology, 116(6):1091-1116.
  27. Malone, S., Hughes, B., Doran, D.A., Collins, K., Gabbett, T.J. (2019) Can the workload-injury relationship be moderated by improved strength, speed and repeated-sprint qualities?, Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 22(1):29-34.
  28. McClung, J.M., Davis, J.M., Wilson, M.A., Goldsmith, E.C., Carson, J.A. (2006) Oestrogen status and skeletal muscle recovery from disuse atrophy, Journal of Applied Physiology, 100(6):2012-2023.
  29. Mountjoy, M., Sundgot-Borgen, J., Burke, L., Carter, S., Constantini, N., Lebrun, C., Meyer, N., Sherman, R., Steffen, K., Budgett, R., Ljungqvist, A. (2014) The IOC consensus statement: beyond the female athlete triad—Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport (RED-S), Br J Sports Med, 48(7):491-497.
  30. Mountjoy, M., Sundgot-Borgen, J.K., Burke, L.M., Ackerman, K.E., Blauwet, C., Constantini, N., Lebrun, C., Lundy, B., Melin, A.K., Meyer, N.L., Sherman, R.T. (2018) IOC consensus statement on relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S), Br J Sports Med.
  31. Oosthuyse, T., Bosch, A.N. (2010) The effect of the menstrual cycle on exercise metabolism. Sports Medicine, 40(3):207-227.
  32. Phillips, S.M. (2014) A brief review of critical processes in exercise-induced muscular hypertrophy, Sports Medicine, 44(1):71-77.
  33. Reilly, T. (2000) The menstrual cycle and human performance: an overview, Biological Rhythm Research, 31(1):29-40.
  34. Schoenfeld, B.J., Ogborn, D., Krieger, J.W. (2017) Dose-response relationship between weekly resistance training volume and increases in muscle mass: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Journal of Sports Sciences, 35(11):1073-1082.
  35. Schoenfeld, B.J., Ogborn, D., Krieger, J.W. (2016) Effects of resistance training frequency on measures of muscle hypertrophy: a systematic review and meta-analysis, Sports Medicine, 46(11):1689-1697.
  36. Schoenfeld, B.J. (2013) Potential mechanisms for a role of metabolic stress in hypertrophic adaptations to resistance training, Sports Medicine, 43(3):179-194.
  37. Sherman, J.J., LeResche, L. (2006) Does experimental pain response vary across the menstrual cycle? A methodological review, American Journal of Physiology-Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology, 291(2):R245-256.
  38. Shultz, S.J., Sander, T.C., Kirk, S.E., Perrin, D.H. (2005) Sex differences in knee joint laxity change across the female menstrual cycle, The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 45(4):594.
  39. Sipavičienė, S., Daniusevičiutė, L., Klizienė, I., Kamandulis, S., Skurvydas, A. (2013) Effects of oestrogen fluctuation during the menstrual cycle on the response to stretch-shortening exercise in females, BioMed Research International.
  40. Sipilä, S., Finni,T., Kovanen, V. (2015) Oestrogen influences on neuromuscular function in postmenopausal women, Calcified Tissue International, 96(3):222-233.
  41. Spangenburg, E.E., Geiger, P.C., Leinwand, L.A., Lowe, D.A. (2012) Regulation of physiological and metabolic function of muscle by female sex steroids, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 44(9):1653.
  42. Suchomel, T.J., Nimphius, S., Stone, M.H. (2016) The importance of muscular strength in athletic performance, Sports Medicine, 46(10):1419-1449.
  43. Suchomel, T.J., Nimphius, S., Bellon, C.R., Stone, M.H. (2018) The importance of muscular strength: training considerations, Sports Medicine, 48(4):765-785.
  44. Takeda, T., Imoto, Y., Nagasawa, H., Muroya, M., Shiina, M. (2015) Premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder in Japanese collegiate athletes. Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, 28(4):215-218.
  45. Tiidus, P.M., Lowe, D.A., Brown, M. (2013) Oestrogen replacement and skeletal muscle: mechanisms and population health, Journal of Applied Physiology, 115(5):569-578.
  46. Tiidus, P.M. (2011) Influence of oestrogen on muscle plasticity, Brazilian Journal of Biomotricity, 5(3):143-155.
  47. Tiidus, P.M. (2003) Influence of oestrogen on skeletal muscle damage, inflammation, and repair, Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, 31(1):40-44.
  48. Veldhuijzen, D.S., Keaser, M.L., Traub, D.S., Zhuo, J., Gullapalli, R.P., Greenspan, J.D. (2013) The role of circulating sex hormones in menstrual cycle-dependent modulation of pain- related brain activation, Pain, 154(4):548-559.
  49. Vescovi, J.D. (2011) The menstrual cycle and anterior cruciate ligament injury risk, Sports Medicine, 41(2):91-101.
  50. Wiik, A., Ekman, M., Morgan, G., Johansson, O., Jansson, E., Esbjörnsson, M. (2005) Oestrogen receptor β is present in both muscle fibres and endothelial cells within human skeletal muscle tissue, Histochemistry and Cell Biology, 124(2):161-165.
  51. Wikström-Frisén, L., Boraxbekk, C. J. Henriksson-Larsén, K. (2017) Effects on power, strength and lean body mass of menstrual/oral contraceptive cycle based resistance training, Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 57(1-2):43-52.
  52. Wilson, J.M., Flanagan, E.P. (2008) The role of elastic energy in activities with high force and power requirements: a brief review, The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 22(5):1705-1715.

Pg 20-21


Pg 22-23

  1. %20Yoga%20is%20big%20business.pdf – first published in YOGA Magazine.

Pg 24-26

  1. Vinstrup et al 2015.

Pg 32-33

  1. Carbohydates Fact Sheet, British Dietetic Association,
  2. Slavin et al. (2014) Carbohydrates, Advances in Nutrition, 760-761.
  3. Ludwig et al. (2019) Dietary carbohydrates: Role of quality and quantity in chronic disease, British Medical Journal, 361.
  4. Paoli, A. et al. (2019) Ketogenic Diet and Skeletal Muscle Hypertrophy: A Frenemy Relationship?, J Hum Kinet, 68:233-247.
  5. Bueno, et al. (2013) Very-low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet v. low-fat diet for long-term weight loss: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials, Br J Nutr, 110(7):1178-1187.